Contains the active ingredients: Betamethasone valerate 0.1%, clioquinol 3%
Betamethasone valerate is a type of medicine called a topical corticosteroid.
Corticosteroids are medicines used for reducing inflammation. Inflammation of the skin happens as a result of allergy or irritation of the skin, and is caused by the release of various substances that are important in the immune system. These substances cause blood vessels to widen and result in the irritated area becoming red, swollen, itchy and painful, such as is seen in dermatitis or eczema.
When betamethasone is applied to the skin it works by acting inside the cells to decrease the release of these inflammatory substances. This reduces swelling, redness and itch. Betamethasone is a potent corticosteroid.
Clioquinol has antifungal and antibacterial actions. It works by preventing the growth and multiplication of the organisms.
The combination of betamethasone and clioquinol is used to treat inflammatory skin disorders that are either already infected, or your doctor thinks are likely to become infected, for example because you are using airtight dressings. Dressings can create a warm, moist environment where bacteria and fungi can grow easily.
What is it used for?
It is used in short courses to treat inflammatory skin conditions such as those listed below, when milder corticosteroids have not been effective and when the condition is either already infected or likely to become infected.
Eczema of various types.
Skin inflammation due to allergies or irritants (allergic contact dermatitis or irritant contact dermatitis).
Inflammatory skin condition with greasy, red and scaly areas (seborrhoeic dermatitis).
Thickened skin rash caused by excessive scratching to relieve itching (neurodermatitis, eg lichen simplex).
An eruption of hard nodules in the skin accompanied by intense itching (prurigo nodularis).
Skin disorder causing a flat, itchy, violet rash, usually on the wrists, shins, lower back and genitals (lichen planus).
Inflammatory skin disease known as discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE).
Intense and widespread reddening of the skin (generalised erythroderma) in combination with oral or injected corticosteroids.
Reactions to insect bites and stings.