Contain the active ingredient : Ciprofloxacin which is a type of medicine called a quinolone antibiotic. It kills bacteria by stopping a bacterial enzyme called DNA-gyrase from working. This enzyme is involved in replicating and repairing the genetic material (DNA) of the bacteria. If it doesn't work, the bacteria cannot repair themselves or reproduce. This kills the bacteria and clears up the infection.
Ciprofloxacin is effective against a large number of bacteria, some of which tend to be resistant to other commonly used antibiotics. It is particularly useful against a sub-group of bacteria called Gram-negative bacteria, including salmonella, shigella, campylobacter, neisseria, and pseudomonas.
What is it used for?
In adults, ciprofloxacin is used to treat infections caused by susceptible bacteria, such as the following:
- Infections of the lungs and airways (respiratory tract), such as pneumonia (but not 1st line treatment of pneumococcal pneumonia), acute bronchitis, bronchiectasis and lung infections in cystic fibrosis or chronic bronchitis.
- Ear, nose and throat infections such as sinusitis, otitis media and otitis externa.
- Eye infections such as bacterial conjunctivitis.
- Infections of the urinary tract, such as cystitis, kidney infections (pyelonephritis), urethritis.
- Infection of the prostate gland (prostatitis) or testicles (epididymitis).
- Infections of the skin and soft tissue, such as infected ulcers, wounds or burns, abscesses, cellulitis, erysipelas.
- Infections of bones and joints, such as osteomyelitis and septic arthritis.
- Abdominal infections, such as peritonitis or abdominal abscesses.
- Infections of the stomach and intestines, such as typhoid fever or infective diarrhoea.
- Infections of the biliary tract or gall bladder.
- Infections in the pelvis, such as pelvic inflammatory disease or infections in the uterus (endometritis) or uterine tube (salpingitis).
- Infection of the blood (septicaemia or blood poisoning).
- Preventing infections in people having stomach or intestinal surgery or endoscopic procedures, where there is an increased risk of infection.
- Preventing or treating anthrax affecting the lungs, following exposure to anthrax spores.